FIA Book 3

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Contents

[edit] Call for chapters

A call for chapters for the 2011 edition of the Future Internet Assembly book Future Internet: Achievements and Promising Technology

To be published by Springer 15th May 2011

Full call at http://services.future-internet.eu/index.php?title=FIA_Book_3

The Future Internet Assembly (FIA) is a success. FIA is a unique bi-annual event that brings together the participants of over 100 projects from a number of units in the EU Framework 7 Challenge 1 to share scientific and technical results and to discuss cross-domain research topics around the notion of creating a new global communications infrastructure, which is fit for Europe and the World.

FIA began in the Spring of 2008 in Bled, Slovenia, and Spring 2011 will see the seventh FIA in Budapest. As with prior Spring FIAs, we are producing a book that aggregates both the results achieved so far within FIA, and the possibilities of what we can expect in the short term. In this sense the scope of the text is broad rather than focusing on single technical or socio-economic topics.

The previous FIA books are:

Early on in the FIA time line we realised that a number of key elements were required to ensure success:

  • Cross-unit and cross-domain discussions: on both core technical issues (such as architecture, supporting experimentation at scale) and on softer issues such as socio-economics, trust and identity.
  • Mediated engagement: between FIA and the 100 plus individual projects. In this respect is imperative that the FIA activities and processes are transparent and open and that clear explanation and direction is provided.
  • Users: over the last few FIAs representatives from a variety of user communities including transport, energy, health and municipal services have joined the meetings facilitating the incorporation of a broad range of stakeholder views within Future Internet solutions.

In structuring the book, we suggest to mirror these elements, resulting in a tripartite book:

  • Future Internet Foundations: covers the core cross-domain technical and ‘soft’ topics. The chapters under this section are: Architectural Issues; Socio-Economic Issues; Trust and Identity; Search and Discovery; and Experiments and experimental design.
  • Future Internet Areas: the principle technical domains associated with the Future Internet, which are aligned with the units associated with Challenge 1. The chapters under this section are: Networks; Services; Internet of Things; Content; and Inter-area Issues.
  • Future Internet Application Areas: key target areas with associated user communities, which will be revolutionised by the Future Internet. The chapters under this section are: Smart Cities; Smart Living; Smart Energy; Smart Health; Smart Enterprises; Smart Transportation; Smart Manufacturing; and Utilities environment;

[edit] Submission

Submission and acceptance of chapters will be done in two phases: in the first phase we seek chapter proposals in the form of abstracts. Authors of accepted proposals will then be invited to submitted full-length chapters which will be subject to further acceptance, review, and revision.

Phase 1: Multiple papers for each chapter is envisaged. We invite one-two pages abstracts by 2010-10-22 as proposals for full-length chapters. Each proposal should target one of the chapter descriptions at http://services.future-internet.eu/index.php/FIA_Book_3. Proposals should not be project-specific, but reflect a broad view of the subject. Authors should indicate their FIA and Challenge 1 Track record. The abstracts will be reviewed by the book reviewers and editors.

Phase 2: Authors of selected abstracts will be invited to develop full chapters of 10 pages by 2010-12-17. In light of the actual submissions made, the editors may consider combining proposals and asking the authors to collaborate on single chapters. The full chapters will again be reviewed by the editors and reviewers, and subject to acceptance and revision. Final chapters should be formatted according to the Springer LNCS conventions:

  http://www.springer.com/computer/lncs?SGWID=0-164-6-793341-0

Abstracts and full chapters should be submitted at http://www.easychair.org/conferences/?conf=fiabook2011

[edit] Dates

  • 2010-10-22 - Abstract submission
  • 2010-10-25 - Notification for the accepted abstracts
  • 2010-12-17 - Full chapter submission
  • 2011-02-07 - Reviews of accepted chapters
  • 2011-03-08 - Camera ready chapters
  • 2011-04-25 - Book published by Springer

[edit] Editors

John Domingue, Federico Alvarez, Susana Avesta, Frances Cleary, Petros Daras, Alex Galis, Anastasius Gavras, Stamatis Karnouskos, Srdjan Krco, Dave Lambert, Man-Sze Li, Volkmar Lotz, Henning Müller, Michael Nilsson, Anne-Marie Sassen, Hans Schaffers, Burkhard Stiller, Georgios Tselentis, Theodore Zahariadis.

[edit] Future Internet Foundations

[edit] Architectural Issues

Chapter Editors: Alex Galis, Theodore Zahariadis

The current Internet is founded on a basic architectural premise: a simple, end-to-end network service can be used as a universal means to interconnect wildly heterogeneous devices. By pushing complexity into the endpoints, the current Internet retains a simple core that is good at delivering packets and has scaled well, despite orders of magnitude growth in traffic and devices. It is an open question whether the current architecture can continue to evolve to face the significant changes expected in the next few years: the arrival of the Internet of Things, mobile devices, and increasing demands for security, privacy, and quality of service for applications like health. Will the lack of rich semantic and service functionality at the network level be a sustainable model?

Chapter proposals should centre on designing new architectures that can meet the research and societal challenges and opportunities of the Future Internet and digital society, particularly the following points:

  1. Identify the problems of current Internet architecture in a qualitative and qualitative way, justifying why a new Internet architecture is needed, rather than continued evolution of today's Internet architecture.
  2. Explore promising new concepts that have the potential to go qualitatively beyond current Internet core network and service protocols, components, and mechanisms.
  3. Explore new concepts to enable better integration and use of the communication-centric, information-centric, resource-centric, content –centric, service/computation- centric, context-centric faces.
  4. Identify new essential, complementary and/or comprehensive:
    1. structures and infrastructures (e.g. control, configuration, integration, composition, organisation),
    2. constituents’ functionality (e.g. functional elements and their interfaces) and
    3. behaviour (e.g. performance, usability, optimality) of any kind of system that is to be or has been constructed/adapted for the purpose of Future Internet.
  5. Detailed the Elements’ Design and their inter-working / inter-operations and orchestration.
  6. Unification and higher degree of integration of the communication, storage, content and computation as the means of enabling change from capacity concerns towards increased and flexible capability with operation control.
  7. A higher degree of virtualisation for all systems: applications, services, networks, storage, content and resources.
  8. Embedded autonomic management in systems and elements.
  9. Evaluate the proposed architecture and present plans / results for large scale prototypes.
  10. Explore and address explicitly a number of the following design requirements including: openness, economic viability, fairness, scalability, manageability, evolvability and programmability, autonomy, mobility, ubiquitous access and usage, security including trust and privacy.

Priority will be given to proposals covering more that one areas of the Future Internet: communications and networks; services and applications, content and media; systemic and life-cycle management; Internet of Things.

[edit] Socio-Economic Issues

Chapter Editor: Burkhard Stiller

Due to the networking-driven supply of Internet technology today, the use of such transmission and transfer systems varies from simple file transfers to highly sensitive data transmissions under real-time and privacy constraints. Thus, the diversity of applications and the use of today’s Internet state a very successful approach and undisputed core pillar of the Information Technology (IT) landscape and its related communications.

Nevertheless, the operational and commercial dimensions of Internet communications have turned in the recent past to areas, which the initial Internet technology had not foreseen in that depth and detail, such as high reliability, full-fledged security, mobility support, or delay tolerance, just to name a few. These technology-driven dimensions are being enriched these days with application-specific, provider-critical, and user-driven facets, requiring economic and societal factors of major importance to be addressed inherently in the Future Internet, and to be made more explicit in a manner, which enables clear design requirements as well as operational configurations to be know beforehand and met afterwards.

Thus, the full understanding and modelling of these socio-economic impacts on Internet communications particularly and the Internet architecture generally challenges research and development today. Economic effects of technical mechanisms in a given setup and topology needs to be investigated and benefits obtained by optimising or even changing existing protocols may lead to more cost-effective approaches. Furthermore, the users’ perspectives need to be taken in close consideration, since detailed and specific security demands, electronic identities, or Quality-of-Experience (QoE) will outline societal requirements to be met by technological support means.

In consequence, the addressing of socio-economic impacts on the technology being developed for the Future Internet and its application domains in the IT sector has to be grow beyond its current state of know-how, understanding, and modelling. Therefore, service development, service deployment, network mechanism design, operational preferences, support functionality, and impact analysis of user/provider demands vs. technology characteristics will be essential for a better understanding of optimised application and communication developments to be expected in the near future. In general, the insight of impacts from end-users’ behaviour on the operation of a service or network and the business-related aspects in a competitive market will be crucial for designing a successful Future Internet.

Therefore, the content of the chapter on “Socio-economics of the Future Internet” should address in the next version of the FIA book in full or in parts the following aspects:

(a) Communication mechanisms in dedicated, flexible, and tailored support of user (application) and provider (network) demands, addressing technology and socio-economics in an integrated manner (b) Business models and value chains for Internet applications and services (c) Fairness, competition, cost, and pricing models for emerging services (d) Modelling of user behaviour, QoE, and trust and security requirements

[edit] Trust and Identity

Chapter Editors: Volkmar Lotz, Frances Cleary

Advanced business, private and governmental usage patterns of the Internet emphasise the crucial importance of security and trust: valuable assets, including critical data, objects and resources, are exposed and shared in varying contexts with distributed ownership and control. While security is superimposed on the current Internet, the Future Internet should address the protection needs of its stakeholders in the core of its architecture, providing scalable security and trust technologies and tools that adapt to the given environment based on risk considerations. For instance, applications composed of cloud-based services need to be able to assess the trustworthiness of services and platforms of different providers in order to support informed decisions about adequate security and trust solutions and their deployment.

Identity is seen as a fundamental concept to establish trust in Future Internet infrastructures and applications. Advanced identity management schemes, able to meet the privacy needs of citizens and the requirements for transparency and accountability business, are a core enabler for Future Internet opportunities.

Given these observations, we propose the following topics to be addressed in the chapter:

  • Identity and Privacy: Analysis of privacy requirements for citizens, society, and the economy; privacy-preserving identity management schemes; identity of people, objects, and artifacts; scalability; data protection
  • Risk assessment and management: Quantification and measurement of security and trust aspects, threat and risk models, decision support, monitoring and evaluation
  • Trust in the Future Internet: Concepts and mechanisms, reputation and beyond, trust measurements, control and enforcement, accountability
  • Assurance and Trustworthiness: Mechanisms for evidencing security properties, certification, transparent behaviour
  • Emerging Threats and Forecasting: Security monitoring, collaborative intrusion detection systems, service level intrusion detection, aggregation of data, shared repositories, vulnerability analysis
  • A Future Internet Security and Trust Architecture: Architectural concepts for built-in security and trust, security services and their composition
  • Trust in the Cloud: How can we implement Trusted Clouds in the Future Internet? What are the key security risks of cloud computing in the Future Internet? Is security adequately addressed in the virtualisation aspect of cloud computing? How will trust in the cloud in the Future Internet address composition of smart services and protect intellectual property

[edit] Search and Discovery

Chapter Editor: Petros Daras

Search means making the best use of available knowledge to find a desired information artifact, acknowledging the fact that the user request might be poorly formulated and will typically be unanticipated by the system. The value of a search engine depends on how efficiently available knowledge is managed (automatically acquired, enriched, structured, retrieved, filtered, interpreted) and how easily the information is accessed and understood by the end user. Given that information is constantly created at a higher rate than the respective increase in computational and storage capabilities, such a tremendous amount of information cannot be processed and indexed by the current computational power unless personalised and user-centric mechanisms are implemented so that only the information of interest is delivered to the end-users. Moreover, search involves a number of different disciplines within the Future Internet, including:

  • Future Content Networks: increased audio-visual content, scientific and medical datasets, real-time flows of social media, and new technologies like 3D television
  • Internet of Things: resource and information discovery from a sea of heterogeneous devices and sensors
  • Internet of Services: service discovery approaches range from keyword search over service directories to semantic approaches, which delineate between a service capability (what the service does), non-functional properties, and descriptions of service behaviour.

We would particularly like proposals that address one or more of these following areas:

  • FI Architectures for search: Search is not considered as a type of service or functionality in the FI, but rather as a key platform layer on which FI applications can be built. Given the polymorphic facets of the Internet, what should a search environment look like? Are the concept of “open, federated search services” a/the solution? How should such architecture address issues like trust in the search engine, speed and scalability, simplicity, and applicability to a range of information artifacts including services, sensor networks and rich multimedia content.
  • Uniting search and semantics: What types of meta-data or semantic representations can support Future Internet search across the heterogeneous resources? How would they be created, updated, and maintained?
  • Cloud computing and search: Today, Cloud computing techniques are heavily used to provide search: distributed storage (e.g., Google’s GFS), distributed computing (e.g, Hadoop, MapReduce), and scalable semi-structured databases (e.g. Google’s BigTable, Facebook's Cassandra). How might these technologies and the search systems build on them be integrated more deeply in the FI? What comes next?

[edit] Experiments and experimental design

Chapter Editor: Anastasius Gavras

Research into new paradigms and the comprehensive test facilities upon which the ideas are experimented upon together build a key resource for driving European research into future networks and services. This environment enables both incremental and disruptive approaches, supports multi-disciplinary research that goes beyond network layers, scholastic dogmas and public-private discussions. It provides a core infrastructure, and also a playground for future discoveries and innovations, combining research with experimentation.

The heterogeneous and modular field of Future Internet Research and Experimentation with its national and international stakeholder groups requires community and cohesion building, information sharing, and a single point of contact to co-ordinate and promote a common approach with respect to the following main requirements: - Testbeds and experimental facilities need synchronisation, resource optimisation, and common efforts in order to offer customers the best possible service and ensure their sustainability beyond project lifetimes. - Researchers need correct and timely knowledge about the available resources, easy access, high usability and appropriate tools to run and monitor their experiments.

Federation of testbeds aims at creating a physical and logical interconnection of several independent testbeds and experimental facilities to provide a larger-scale, more diverse and higher performance platform for accomplishing tests and experiments. It aims to provide flexibility and preserve autonomy and character for the individual entities. In that sense, high-level federation allows resource sharing and collaboration towards establishing a sustainable customer-friendly facility.

In this context we seek contributions in the following areas including but not limited to:

  • customer-driven, dynamic, effective, sustainable, easy-to-access and easy-to-use experimental platforms and testbeds
  • collaboration structures between different testbeds within a common high level federation framework
  • support for the concept of a one-stop-shop for accessing the testing facilities
  • new capabilities that are needed but not offered by existing experimental facilities
  • position of the research infrastructures in the further development of the Internet
  • sustainability models for the future Internet research infrastructures
  • collaboration models amongst the members of the research and experimentation community including testbeds and their customers from both academy and industry
  • international collaborations and "global" use cases

[edit] Future Internet Areas

[edit] Networks

Chapter Editor: Alex Galis

The current Internet, as a ubiquitous, universal means for communication been extraordinarily successful, there are still many unsolved problems and challenges some of which have basic aspects. Many of these aspects could not have been foreseen when the first parts of the Internet were built, but these do need to be addressed now. The very success of the Internet is now creating obstacles to the future innovation of both the networking technology that lies at the Internet’s core and the services that use it. In addition, the ossification of the Internet makes the introduction and deployment of new network technologies and services difficult and costly. Commonly acknowledged fundamental gaps include:

  • Mobility of networks, services, and devices
  • Guaranteed provision of service level agreements (SLAs) and high-level objectives
  • Trust management and security, privacy and data-protection mechanisms of distributed data
  • An addressing scheme where identity and location are not embedded in the same address
  • Inherent network management functionality, particularly self-management
  • Facilities for large scale provisioning and deployment of both services and management
  • Support for greater integration between services and networks
  • Facilities for the addition of new functionality, including capability for activating a new service on-demand, network functionality, or protocol (i.e. addressing the ossification bottleneck)
  • Support of socio-economic aspects including the need for appropriate incentives, diverse business models, legal, regulative and governance issues
  • Energy awareness
  • Cost awareness

Chapter proposals should focus on new network architectures and technologies addressing the challenges listed above, exploring explicitly a number of the network design requirements including openness, economic viability, fairness, scalability, manageability, evolvability and programmability, autonomy, mobility, ubiquitous access and usage, security including trust and privacy. Contributions should consider the evaluation of the proposed networks in large scale prototypes.

Particular example technological approaches of the kind sought include:

  1. Uniform, open control frameworks for networks. These have to be scalable and dynamic, yet be able to serve diverse operational and business requirements. Federation and composition of control frameworks for resources and systems are required. Explicit decoupling of the control (i.e. basic routing, content-based routing, source-influenced routing, and value added functions) and transport (i.e. forwarding) planes. Mechanisms for flexible data transport, including many relevant transport sub-layers between UDP and TCP; decoupling congestion control from the data transmission. The transport protocol functionality self-adaptation to the service requirements (e.g., level of reliability, QoS etc.). Mechanisms for publish/subscribe—based inter-networking, aiming for a balance of network incentives and roles between the sender and the receiver. Information based publish / subscribe routing protocols are required.
  2. Virtual Networks and their Management: Virtualisation of network resources and infrastructures. Descriptions, management and utilisation of virtual resources; Virtual assurable groups of resources, which do not necessarily correspond to administrative, topological, or geographical domains. This would take into account concerns such as confidentiality, availability, integrity, and safety; they can be used to enable collaborative groups of consumers to exchange information in pursuit of shared interests, services, or business processes. Resource allocation to virtual infrastructures or slices of virtual infrastructure. Auditability of virtual resource consumption.
  3. Autonomic Networking: embedded self-X and self -awareness functions and providing the means that will enable cognitive and intelligent networking.
  4. Service-aware Networking is an abstract setting of network services, which can be discovered, negotiated, managed and contracted with by higher level consuming services at the application level. Offerings, which are exposed as services, are network configuration options, which also map to the requirements of the external services. They need to be discoverable and be able to describe attributes such as capacity, throughput, QoS, latency, protocol support, availability, security, etc., in a consistent format.
  5. Programmable Networks that enable dynamic on-demand safe activation, (re)deployment, control and management of new networking functions. These mechanisms would include programmability at the flow, devices, network and/or application levels.
  6. Information and context centric networking, which enables the information/context/content itself to migrate autonomously where it is needed and used within appropriate administrative, performance, and security constraints.
  7. New naming frameworks, including both channel identity and location, endpoints (source & destination points)-to-location resolution, identity/location splits, and support for addressing and observability of information, context objects and services at all relevant levels and layers.

[edit] Services Future Internet Area

Chapter Editors: Petros Daras, John Domingue

From a services perspective the Future Internet is polymorphic infrastructure, where the boundaries between silo systems are changing and blending and where the emphasis is on the integration, interrelationships and the inter-working of the architectural elements through new service-based interfaces. Thus, services can be seen as a form of glue within the core Internet infrastructure in two main ways. Firstly, horizontal services provide an initial abstraction layer above network elements linking resources including visible elements within the Internet of Things. More complex horizontal services will provide a suite of technical functionalities supporting key tasks in the creation of Future Internet applications. These will include services supporting discovery, the orchestration and composition of business processes, and invocation and interoperability. Secondly, vertical services will support specific domains, such as eGovernment, eHealth or eTransport, enabling the creation of new Future Internet business models.

The main topics in the chapter would include

  • Service platforms: enabling automatic service discovery, description, composition, and negotiation; SLA management and QoS; access rights and flexible charging models customer charging.
  • Virtualised service delivery platforms: the virtualisation of service platforms allow the same service to be developed once and executed on top of different platforms. Cloud computing extends this notion to the virtualisation of ICT infrastructure.
  • Service engineering: enabling the efficient development and management of higher-quality lower-cost services.
  • Prosumer services: following on from the success of technologies such as iPhone Apps how best to support the creation, sharing and use of services created by non-ICT experts. Novel service front ends can support prosumer service provision.
  • Service contextualisation, personalisation and proactive adaptation—within a highly dynamic environment, where hardware and software platforms may change, where connected services may appear and disappear, as well as the constraints and preferences of users, there is a requirement that services are able to adapt to changing contexts and needs.

[edit] Internet of Things

Chapter Editor: Srdjan Krco, Stamatis Karnouskos

A defining feature of the Future Internet is the Internet of Things (IoT), which promises the integration of the physical world into the global network, making the physical world easily accessible anywhere, anytime from any device. Sensors and actuators located in open space or attached to existing objects and many other heterogeneous, smart and connected devices will be integrated into the fabric of the Internet, providing a reflection of the real world, delivering fine-grained information and enabling real time, automatic interaction between the virtual and real world. Such automatic interactions with our immediate environment will be a crucial element in creating a range of new, innovative and diverse applications. Smart cities, health, environment, transport, smart grid are just a few areas that will utilise the underlying IoT infrastructure and benefit from it. Such diversity of potential applications, heterogeneity of connected devices and the variety of network technologies that the IoT will use, have resulted in a number of research problems addressed by different research communities with different perspectives. To design an IoT able to support requirements and expectations of different domains, it is necessary to take a holistic, multidisciplinary approach.

The goal of this chapter is to address the following topics:

  • An overview of the main application domains, the corresponding key challenges and unmet demands
  • A clear vision of the IoT's structure and boundaries, the role different technologies will have in it and its overall role in the Future Internet, including IoT architecture, the main building blocks and underlying protocols and procedures
  • Discussion of the IoT's interaction with other Future Internet areas like search and discovery, trust and identity, services, network: what demands does it make of the FI, and what does it offer in return
  • Cooperation/Collaboration approaches of heterogeneous devices in the Future Internet
  • Social, legal and economic aspects of IoT
  • Experimental infrastructures required for experimentation with IoT at adequate scale and under realistic conditions
  • Next generation scalable approaches for large scale Internet of Things
  • Trials and lessons learned from the Internet of Things

[edit] Content

Chapter Editors: Federico Alvarez, Theodore Zahariadis

The Media Internet supports professional and novice content producers and is at the crossroads of digital multimedia content and Internet technologies. It encompasses two main aspects: Media being delivered through Internet networking technologies (including hybrid technologies) and Media being generated, consumed, shared and experienced on the web.

The Media Internet is evolving to support novel user experiences such as immersive environments including sensorial experiences beyond video and audio (engaging all the human senses) that are adaptable to the user, the networks and the services.

The objective of this chapter is to offer different views on the processes, techniques and technologies to pave the way for a Future Media Internet, including but not limited to:

- Content oriented network architectures for scalable multimedia content delivery

- Hybrid broadcast and broadband systems and architectures for immersive experiencing beyond the classic digital TV interactivity.

- Encoding technologies for maintaining the integrity and optimise the quality of experience over Internet.

- Collaborative platforms for the experimentation of social augmented or mixed reality applications

- Search and retrieval of multimedia objects over Future Internet

- Personalization and recommendation of social media and in immersive environments

- Innovative media delivery platforms for Future Media Internet based on content oriented networks.

[edit] Future Internet Application Areas

[edit] Smart Cities

Chapter Editor: Hans Schaffers

This text describes the orientation of a chapter on Smart Cities, in particular related to the opportunities for Smart Cities provided by the Future Internet as well as the opportunities for Future Internet research and experimentation provided by the Smart Cities social and innovation ecosystem. The concept of Smart Cities (or Intelligent Cities) brings together different elements for stimulating urban development and well-being. A key role is played by advanced ICT infrastructure and services forming “digital spaces” and enabling cooperation and interaction. Other key elements include the investment in human and social capital (human networking and interaction), and the emphasis on creativity, entrepreneurship, knowledge exchange and innovation. As such it is not yet reality but embeds a promise to be realised. After the FIA meetings in Stockholm and Valencia, and supported by several European projects, the Smart Cities topic has increased its importance in the landscape of Future Internet research and experimentation. There is a growing consensus that Smart Cities, based on their wealth of social and business interactions, and supported by Living Labs approaches which are stimulating open partnerships and user driven innovation, can serve as a catalyst for Future Internet research and advanced networked applications using such technologies, as they form innovation ecosystems that may serve as playground for new technologies and innovative applications including their business models. Smart cities can act as a source of challenging requirements from a variety of problem domains, pushing the boundaries for Future Internet technologies and requiring the use of user driven innovation methodologies. They provide the necessary critical mass of experimental businesses and end-users that is required for testing of applications based on Future Internet technologies, and which is required for early user engagement, deployment of technologies and applications, and market adoption, and can serve as incubator for the development of a diverse set of highly innovative services and applications. The topic of Smart Cities is cross-cutting as it combines a variety of different application domains and required Future Internet technologies in a dense urban environment. It is in the Smart Cities where the initial impact of the Future Internet will be most visible to European citizens and direct feedback on innovations can be obtained.

Main topics

The chapter might discuss some of the following topics:

  • The evolving concept of Smart Cities, its foundational elements, and its role in serving as an innovation ecosystem for experimenting and shaping Future Internet innovations.
  • Experimentation and innovation methodologies and facilities for smart cities within a context of open and user driven innovation. How may Future Internet research and experimentation benefit from user driven approaches such as living labs. Alignment of methodologies from different communities (technical and social).
  • Development frameworks for smart city innovations. Technological, process and organisational building blocks of smart cities innovations, potential architectural frameworks to support smart city innovations.
  • Organisational and change-oriented analysis of smart cities' innovation processes. The role of urban development policies, change processes and conflicts and cooperation in smart city innovation.
  • Policies and partnerships for smart city innovation strategies. Business models governing open innovation for smart city development strategies..
  • Case studies of Future Internet-based innovation in smart cities context.

[edit] Smart living

Chapter Editor: Theodore Zahariadis, Federico Alvarez, Petros Daras

Smart living is one of the areas of Future Internet where the focus clearly on the human user. In our view Smart living should encompass the combination of technologies in the areas of smart content, personal networks and ubiquitous services, to provide the user a simpler, easier and enriched life across many domains, including home life, education and learning, leisure and socialising, and work. Important topics for this chapter are:

  • A smart user environment. A more intelligent, versatile, adaptable, personalised and eco-friendly user environment can provide an enhanced vital experience to the user. Technologies, which can provide this smart user environment include personal/body area networks, including smart textile and biosensors, and user recommendation and context-aware applications and services including location.
  • Enhanced leisure and learning ecosystem. Leisure and learning are two of the areas where users spend much of their time outside working hours. Two particular areas are:
    • Content processing for Future Media Internet for smart living, providing user centric and social media with enhanced user social interaction, and content personalisation, recommendation, and QoE for smart leisure environments.
    • 3D Internet and home immersive environments, requiring identification, trading, and rights associated to presences in multiple virtual but real worlds, knowledge engineering in 3D environments for lifelong learning, and 3DTV distribution inside and outside the home.
  • Enhanced personalised services for professional and non-professional environments. The services and services platforms should provide the user novel services platforms, which can simplify the relationship with the administration (e-government), with other citizens (social networks), with the environment (connected cities), and so on. Possible mechanisms include versatile virtual services platforms with distributed computation, and autonomic and automatic service composition and aggregation tailored to the user and his/her needs, tastes and behaviour.

[edit] Smart Energy

Chapter Editor: Anastasius Gavras

In the cross-section of energy and ICT two main areas can be distinguished. First, what concerns the ICT technologies as such e.g. telecom operators' and service providers' resources, such as networks, switching, computing and data centres which are prominent targets for energy efficiency improvements. Second, what concerns economic sectors for which ICT usage can provide efficiency solutions that allow for better energy management and optimisation of overall energy consumption.

Already today, the energy industry and operators of energy networks are investing in the research and deployment of components of the future Smart Grid. It is widely accepted that making use of an advanced communication and computing infrastructure as part of the Smart Grid will be one of the key success factors in this endeavour. Thus, it is now essential to shape and drive Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in such a way that they provide the required services to the future Smart Grid.

In this context we seek contributions that provide partial or holistic views on topics such as:

  • Cost-effective deployment of energy efficiency supporting infrastructure (e.g. sensors, smart meters, communication platforms, etc)
  • Advanced metering infrastructure
  • Integration between power grid and ICT networks
  • Remote control management of equipment for energy efficiency
  • Monitoring of energy consumption, and control for zero-emission buildings
  • End-to-end interoperability through standardisation
  • Balanced energy supply and demand
  • Identification of major energy users and optimisation
  • Coaching services helping people to save energy
  • Energy efficiency for ICT resources
  • Energy saving communication concepts and implementations
  • Energy saving devices
  • Service oriented infrastructure for Smart Grid
  • Internet of Things integration in Smart Grid
  • Enterprise Integration in Smart Grid
  • Roadmap, Challenges and Directions for Future Internet and Smart Grid fusion

[edit] Smart Health

Chapter Editor: Hennig Muller

Over the past 20 years, medicine has fundamentally changed in the way the data are treated and the knowledge is transmitted. Open access publishing has made new knowledge available via the Internet and not only to subscribers in university hospitals. High-available networks and security mechanism allow for an exchange of many types of medical data between the various actors and even the storage of entire data archives and access via the Internet. At the same time security threats have increased: identify theft, the combination of available data sources to match medical information and identification of individuals via health data. There is a large public debate on security issues as it is a sensitive topic even when solutions more secure than paper do exist. As information is now available to all patients the amount of queries related to health has increased massively and with this the risk of information sources of poor quality or data that can only be interpreted by specialists.

Proposals for this chapter should address, in a holistic and integrative fashion, several of the following:

  • information access and retrieval in the medical field
  • access to medical visual repositories
  • large-scale data mining in biomedical web data
  • secure access mechanisms to medical data on the Internet
  • secure data exchange between health partners
  • public health applications;
  • consumer applications such as access to health information by the general public, trustworthiness of sources, and level of expertise required for understanding particular sources
  • terminologies used for better interpreting medical resources
  • experience reports or theoretical foundations for the above mentioned fields.

[edit] Smart Enterprises

Chapter Editor: Man-Sze Li

The Future Internet gives Europe a significant opportunity for businesses. Combinations of FI technologies are needed to deliver maximum value: these combinations need to be facilitated by federatable and integratable generic enablers, so that specific instances can be built together. The precise specific instances are those that deliver the most value.

Enterprises of the future are envisioned to be ever more open, creative and sustainable—they will become Smart Enterprises. Smart enterprises will reap competitive advantage through innovation. Innovation is at work at different levels. It includes not only products, services and processes; but also the organisational model and the full set of relationships that comprise the enterprise's value network. The Future Internet should give enterprises a new set of capabilities, which enable them to innovate through flexibility and diversity in experimentation with new business values, models, structures and arrangements.

The time has come to consider concretely what Future Internet systems may be, and how they will deliver for future enterprises. It is envisioned that these systems will directly reflect the "DNA of the Future Internet" so that they will be, for example, simple to use, adaptable to dynamic needs, customisable to highly specialised markets, affordable to small budget holders, as well as having the required technical attributes of accessibility, reliability and interoperability. They will be enterprise-centric rather than technology-centric, forming a transparent and invisible part of the business operation. The availability of such systems would lead to an explosion of adoption by particularly SMEs. The DNA of the Future Internet would become the utility building blocks for potentially an unlimited array of value-added enterprise applications.

Proposals for this chapter should address one (or more) of the following areas:

  1. Vision: Smart Enterprises of the future and innovation as a business routine;
  2. Business Models: business models to support new value propositions and drive new business values;
  3. Future Internet Enterprise Systems: next generation systems that will support enterprises to innovate and thrive in the post-crisis landscape, based on a set of utility building blocks as the DNA of the Future Internet for businesses of the future.

Submissions should reflect, and preferably advance beyond, the state of the art in the field. Some reference materials could be found here:

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